The nation of Canada is divided up into 10 distinct provinces, as well as several territories. These provinces are unique and diverse in their landscapes, cultures, and even their languages.
From the beautiful coasts of British Columbia to the vast plains of the middle provinces to the chilly artic regions, you'll find a wide variety of landscapes. While both English and French have been named the national languages, you'll find many other languages and dialects spoken in various cities and provinces.
You'll also find plenty of living options to choose from. You could live in a bustling, modern city, a quiet suburb, or in a remote area where the nearest store is hours away.
If you're thinking about making a move to Canada or are already living here and looking for a change, you have no shortage of options to choose from. To help narrow your search, we've compiled a list of some of the best Canadian cities in each province. Keep reading to learn what they are, and why they might be the right choice for your new home.
Alberta is a province in Western Canada, bordered by the Rocky Mountains to the west and the plains and badlands to the east. As the fourth largest province in Canada, Alberta is home to more than 4 million people, many of whom live in several sprawling metro areas, including Calgary and Edmonton.
Outdoor lovers will quickly fall for the province's vast wilderness areas. There are crystal clear glacial lakes bordered by deep forests, as well as open plains and more than 240 winding rivers.
If you're looking to move to Alberta, you have no shortage of cities to choose from.
Some of the best cities in Alberta to live in include:
The final list is the largest city in Alberta and the fourth-largest in Canada. If the city's sprawling metropolis isn't for you, quieter Red Deer or the artistically rich St. Albert might be the better choice.
Another plains province, Saskatchewan is located in the south-central part of Canada. The majority of this province's population resides in the lower-third, near the Canada-U.S. border.
Because it isn't home to one of Canada's biggest metropolises, Saskatchewan is often overlooked, but definitely worth considering. With beautiful towns full of rich history and stunning scenery, this province is perfect for those who want modern amenities without the big city feel.
Some of the best cities in Saskatchewan to live in include:
Those looking for plenty of opportunities will appreciate the fast growth that Weyburn is experiencing, while Saskatoon is often celebrated for its close-knit community feel and welcoming atmosphere.
Moving towards the east, Manitoba is the next province with a U.S. border to the south. The fifth most populous province, Manitoba, like many Canadian provinces, has a rich history of indigenous tribes having settled the region. Today, it's known for its diverse climates, expansive farmland, and vast outdoor spaces.
Some of the best cities in Manitoba to live in include:
Winnipeg is a blend of modern conveniences, trendy areas, and historical districts. Those looking to get away from the city will prefer Thompson or Brandon. Springfield offers a middle ground, with easy access to Winnipeg while maintaining a country feel.
The largest province by landmass and the second-largest by population, Quebec is a popular choice both for those looking to move to Canada and those visiting. Quebec City is rich in history, with buildings dating back several centuries.
The province is primarily French-speaking, though English is still widely spoken as well.
Some of the best cities in Quebec to live in include:
While Quebec City is perhaps the best-known city in the province, Saint-Bruno-De-Montarville and Mont-Royal offer just as rich in history, but with a small-town feel.
Located on the east coast of Canada, this maritime province may be small, but it makes up for its size in rich culture and beautiful landscapes.
The misty coastal areas, with bright buildings and historic lighthouses, feel as though you've left Canada behind for a Scandanavian port, while the incredible outdoor landscapes and parks draw adventurers from around the world.
Some of the best cities in Nova Scotia to live in include:
Halifax is the capital of the province and a rich port city that offers the conveniences of a large metro with the feel of a more intimate town. Cape Breton offers similar metro conveniences, while New Glasgow has regularly been voted one of the best places in Nova Scotia and even Canada to live.
Ontario is home to Canada's capital, Ottawa. The province's capital is actually the culture-rich Toronto, home to the famous CN Tower and located on the expansive Lake Superior.
Some of the best cities in Ontario to live in include:
While Toronto may be pricier to move to than other Canadian cities, it offers all the conveniences and benefits of a major urban city, comparable to New York or London. Ottawa offers similar conveniences, while Waterloo boasts a rich immigrant population. Waterloo is essential an offshoot of Toronto, with a smaller feel and more affordable housing.
Another Atlantic, maritime Canadian province is New Brunswick. A smaller province, the majority of the population lives in a few metro areas.
Like most Canadian provinces, First Nations people were the first to call what is now New Brunswick home. But a 1600s settlement brought French fur traders to the region, and the culture flourished from there. Today, both English and French are the official languages of this province.
Some of the best cities in New Brunswick to live in include:
With a population of 108,000, Moncton has nearly double the population of the next largest city in the province, though it maintains the feel of a small, friendly town in many ways. If that's still too big of a city for you, you have plenty of other options.
Rothesay, for instance, offers a quieter way of life, with just over 12,000 residents calling the city home.
The smallest province in both population size and landmass, Prince Edward Island is the third maritime province. It's located off the coast of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, on Canada's eastern Atlantic coast.
The province is known for its incredible coastal views, with unique red sand beaches that contrast perfectly with the dark blue water. Another big draw of this province is its world-class golf courses.
Some of the best cities in Prince Edward Island to live in include:
Charlottetown is a smaller city that offers modern attractions while still maintaining a small-town feel. While it may be the largest city in the province, with a population of just 40,000, it's a far cry from other major Canadian provincial cities.
Kensington is one of the places in Prince Edward Island with the lowest crime severity indexes.
The most easterly province in Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador has a unique and interesting historical background. Norse ruins have been found here, marking where Vikings once inhabited Canada.
Newfoundland and Labrador only recently became a province of Canada. Until the 1930s, Newfoundland was a colony and later a dominion of the United Kingdom. It became the final province of Canada in 1949, and in 2001 the name was changed from Newfoundland to Newfoundland and Labrador.
Some of the best cities in Newfoundland and Labrador to live in include:
St. John's is the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador. Here you'll find the historic Signal Hill, a 17th-century chapel.
Coastal Corner Brook is a picturesque city with a small-town feel, while Mount Pearl is known as the "city in a park" thanks to its many parks and outdoor spaces.
Alongside Canada's 10 provinces are three territories. The main difference between provinces and territories is in how they are formed.
Northwest Territories, as the name suggests, are largely remote wilderness in the northern section of the country. Much of the landscape is arctic tundra, forest, and mountains. While it isn't home to any massive cities, Yellowknife does offer many modern conveniences you won't find elsewhere in the territories.
Some of the best cities in the Northwest Territories to live in include:
Yellowknife is the only metropolia in the Northwest Territories with a population of over 4,000 people. But if you're looking for vast nature and a small-town feel, you'll find no shortage of options. With populations under 3,000 people, Hay River and Inuvik, and Fort Smith with less than 3,000, you'll find a village community that's perfect for relaxing and getting back to nature.
Similar to the Northwest Territories, Yukon mainly consists of very small towns and villages. Formerly called the Yukon Territories, Yukon is the least populated territory or province in all of Canada.
This territory gets its name from the Yukon River, once a major thoroughfare for the region. Yukon is also home to Canada's tallest peak, Mount Logan, which is located in the stunning and remote Kluane National Park and Reserve.
Some of the best cities in the Yukon Territories to live in include:
If you're searching for that small-town feel and plenty of access to wild wilderness, you'll find it in any of the cities on the above list. Whitehorse does offer more modern conveniences than other cities in the province and is the largest city in Northern Canada.
With a population of just 25,000, you won't find the same options or industry that exists in bustling cities elsewhere in Canada. But for those looking to leave city life behind, Whitehorse is a great alternative to the rugged wilderness found throughout this territory.
The newest territory of Canada is Nunavut. It's also the largest territory, as well as the most northernmost. Most of the territory is located in the Arctic Archipelago.
Indigenous people, and particularly Inuit People, still thrive in this territory and even have a chance to practice some of their traditional ways of life.
Some of the best cities in Nunavut to live in include:
While these towns may offer an alternative to remote living, many are fairly remote themselves. While they may not have larger box stores or thriving downtowns, they do have friendly people and rich cultures. People who choose to settle here are often drawn to a different, quieter way of life that allows them to get closer to nature in a place where nature is still largely wild and untamed.
Whether you're thinking about making an international move or are already living in Canada and looking for a change, there is no shortage of Canadian cities and provinces to choose from!
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